Employ in Bulgaria with ease.

Remote makes employment in Bulgaria easy. With our localized contracts, easy invoice management, and best-in-class compliance, you can grow your global team with confidence.

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  • Availability

    Remote-Owned Local Entity

    We own our own entity in the countries where we operate to shield your company from risk and provide you and your employees with the signature Remote experience.

  • Capital city


  • Currency

    Bulgarian lev
    (лв., BGN)

  • Languages spoken


  • Services available

    Services available:

Facts & Stats

Bulgaria is a country in Southeast Europe with Romania, Serbia and North Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey as its bordering countries. Its capital and largest city is Sofia while other major cities include Plovdiv, Varna, and Burgas.

Bulgaria is a founding state of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and is a member of NATO, the European Union, and the Council of Europe. The country's economy revolves around services industries, in addition to mining and agriculture. Even though Bulgaria has the lowest GDP per capita and joint-lowest Human Development Index in the European Union, it is a developing country with an upper-middle-income economy.

  • Capital city


  • Currency

    Bulgarian lev
    (лв., BGN)

  • Languages spoken


  • Population size

    6,912,730 (Mar 7 2021)

  • Ease of doing business


  • Cost of living index

    $$ (91 of 139 nations)

  • Payroll frequency


  • VAT - standard rate


  • GDP - real growth rate

    3.7% (2019)

Grow your team in Bulgaria with Remote

Looking to employ workers in Bulgaria? Companies hiring in Bulgaria must either own a legal entity in the country or work with a global employment solutions provider, usually one that provides employer of record services.

Remote can employ your team in Bulgaria on your behalf through our local legal entity in the country and handle payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance for your Bulgaria team. You can also pay contractors now in Bulgaria with Remote.

Risks of misclassification

Bulgaria, like many other countries, treats self-employed individuals or contractors and full-time employees differently. Misclassification of contractors in Bulgaria may lead to fines and penalties for the offending company.

If you're worried about whether to hire contractors or employees in Bulgaria or anywhere else around the world, Remote can help. Our Solutions Consulting team are experts in preventing misclassification risks. Download our Contractor Compliance Checklist for a solid overview, then talk to our team about your specific situation.

Employing in Bulgaria

Companies that are looking to hire people in Bulgaria must ensure they have a deep understanding of the Bulgarian Labour Code. Legislation in Bulgaria is also closely linked to the labour laws of the European Union. Companies that are looking to employ people in Bulgaria must understand the specific Bulgarian laws around equal pay for men and women, the limitations of overtime, bans on workplace discrimination, and the specific legislative requirements of managing sick leave for Bulgarian employees.

Common questions that could come up during the hiring process may be about overtime rates, health insurance, and parental leave. Remote can help you offer a complete, competitive, and compliant benefits package to your employees in Bulgaria.

Public holidays

Below are national public holidays applicable for all regions in this country. Remote customers have access to a detailed list of regional public holidays within the Remote platform. Sign up now to access all public holiday information.

Minimum Wage

From January 2021, the minimum working salary and monthly social security income were increased from BGN 610 to BGN 650. The maximum monthly social security income remains at BGN 3,000.

Payroll Cycle

Salaries in Bulgaria are paid mid-month for the previous month. For example, salaries for April are paid in mid-May.

Onboarding Time

We can help you get a new employee started in Bulgaria fast. The minimum onboarding time we need is only 8 working days.

Our team ensures your employees are onboarded and paid as quickly as possible while keeping your business compliant with all local employment legislation. The minimum onboarding time begins after the employee submits all required information onto the Remote platform. The onboarding timeline is also dependent upon registration with local authorities.

For all non-nationals of the country of employment, the Right to Work assessment (if applicable) will add three extra days to the total time to onboard. There may be extra time required if we need to follow-up on the right to work assessment.

Please note, payroll cut-off dates can impact the actual first day of employment. Remote has a payroll cut-off date of the 10th of the month unless otherwise specified.

Competitive benefits package in Bulgaria

At Remote, we’re obsessed with helping you craft the best possible employee experience for your team. We are leading the way in practicing “fair equity,” which means making sure employees everywhere have access to both the required and supplemental benefits they need to thrive (and that will allow you to attract the best local talent).

Our benefits packages in Bulgaria are tailored to fulfill the local needs of your employees. Typically, our packages contain some or all of the following benefits:

  • Health Insurance
  • Dental Insurance
  • Vision Insurance
  • Mental Health Support
  • Pension or 401(K)
  • Life and Disability Insurance

Calculate the cost to hire an employee
in Bulgaria

Taxes in Bulgaria

Learn how employment taxes and statutory fees affect your payroll and your employees’ paychecks in Bulgaria.

The following statutory benefits are made as employment deductions through payroll:

  • Employer

    • 10.92% - State Social Insurance contributions (disability, disease, maternity, old age pension)

    • 2.80% - Supplementary Compulsory Pension Insurance

    • 4.80% - Healthcare contributions (mandatory medical insurance)

    • 0.4-1.1% - Accident at Work and Occupational Diseases Fund

    • The contributions to the State Insurance System are based on the gross salary of the employee, but the total is limited to a monthly maximum of BGN 3,000 as of 2020.

  • Employee payroll taxes

    • 8.38% - State Social Insurance contributions (disability, disease, maternity, old age pension)

    • 2.20% - Supplementary Compulsory Pension Insurance

    • 3.20% - Healthcare contributions (mandatory medical insurance)

  • Employee income taxes

    • 10% flat rate (personal income tax is taken from the gross salary minus all contributions)

Types of leave

Statutory leave

In Bulgaria, four weeks of leave is granted every year. It is also interesting to note that in the scenario where a public holiday falls on a weekend, the following Monday becomes a paid holiday.

Pregnancy and maternity leave

Expecting mothers are entitled to 58 weeks at 90% of the maximum social security income (capped at 3,000 BGN in 2021, raised to 3,400 BGN in April 2022). This income is paid by the government, not the employer. Forty-five days of maternity leave are usually taken before the birth of a child. With the mother's consent, when the child reaches six months, the leave can be transferred to the father for the rest of the period.

Partner/Paternity leave

In Bulgaria, paternity leave is for 2 weeks with 90% pay.

Parental leave

The parental leave is for 104 weeks out of which there will be a flat-rate of income fixed for 52 weeks while the remaining period will be unpaid leave.

Other leave

The employer pays 70% of the basic income for the first three days of illness or general injury. Social Security provides 80% of the basic income from the fourth day of sickness until full recovery.

The employee needs to provide a sickness leave document from a medical practitioner within 2 days of issue and the employer must register this document to the authorities. The doctor is also responsible for sending a separate document to the authorities.

According to the Bulgarian legislation the employer has an obligation to maintain a sick leave register and keep the sick leave documents presented by employees for a period of three years. The documents have to be kept in their original form. This data must be submitted to the National Social Security Institute (NSSI) and the deadline for this reporting is the 10th date of the following month after the sick leave documents are presented by the employee.

Employment termination

Termination process

In Bulgaria, there are various laws to be followed by both employers and employees in the case of a termination. For example, if there is a mutual agreement between the parties to terminate the employment contract, it is easily dealt with, by communicating it in writing. However, if the employee is part of a union, then the employer will have to take permission from the union before terminating the employee.

Employers face significant complexity managing any form of termination, as there are so many specific types of terminations specifically outlined in the labour code and other employment laws.

Potential reasons for terminations:

  • closing the enterprise, in which the individual is employed, or of a part of the enterprise
  • reduction of the number of working positions
  • decrease of workload
  • discontinuation of work by the employing enterprise for more than 15 business days
  • lack of capacity of the employee for effective performance of his/her labour duties
  • lack of professional qualification or required educational background, necessary for effective performance of the labour duties
  • refusal of the employee to relocate to another town or location together with the enterprise, in which the employee works
  • change of the requirements for performance of the labour duties inherent to the position, provided that the employee fails to meet these requirements
  • the employee has become entitled to retire on old age pension; or upon attainment of the age of 65 in the case of professors, associate professors or persons holding a doctoral degree (with some exceptions)
  • if the employee has been granted a pension for contributory service and retirement age in a reduced amount in accordance with the Social Insurance Code
  • if the employment relationship has arisen after the employee has acquired and exercised his right to old age pension
  • if the employment relationship has arisen after the employee has been granted a contributory service and retirement age pension in a reduced amount in accordance with the Social Insurance Code
  • objective impossibility for performance by the employee
  • if the position has to be vacated for an employee who was reinstated in the position after having been unlawfully dismissed
  • execution of an agreement for assignment of management with registered directors of the employing entity (in the latter case an employer is entitled to terminate employment agreements only with managerial personnel; this right lapses upon the expiry of nine months from the commencement of the agreement for assignment of management).

Notice period

In Bulgaria, the length of the notice period depends on whether it’s an open ended (permanent) contract or a fixed term contract.

  • Notice period for an open ended contract: a minimum of one (1) month of notice period
  • Fixed term contract: A minimum of three (3) months of notice period

Severance pay

Severance pay for unilateral termination

There is no statutory severance pay unless in the following scenarios:

  • Termination of employment due to an illness: In this case, for an employee with at least 5 years of service, 2 months' gross remuneration must be paid as severance
  • Termination after the employee is eligible for a pension: In this case, 2 months of pay as severance (or) 6 months of pay for a job tenure of >= 10 years
  • Termination because of downsizing or closing down the company: One month of severance must be paid

Severance pay for termination by mutual agreement

When the employer wants to terminate through a mutual agreement (both parties agree to terminate the contract), there is a minimum requirement of four (4months) of severance (bonus) to be paid to the employee. However, the parties can agree on a higher amount of the compensation.

Probation periods

In Bulgaria, the probation period cannot exceed 6 months.

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